How exactly do you connect the spiritual principle of tawhid – which refers to the divine unity and unicity of God – with democracy?
As you know, every Muslim accepts the principle of tawhid. In its essence, tawhid is the unity of God as it is expressed in our creed of faith: there is no God except THE God. A direct result of this tawhid is the fact that no creature can be equal to God and the conviction that no human equals God gives rise to the principle of the equality of humankind. For a king cannot be a god to his people, a husband cannot be a god to his wife, a man cannot be a god to a woman. Because they are not gods, kings and leaders cannot be worshipped by their people like a god; employees should not worship their employer; wives should not worship their husbands, and so on and so forth. In other words, no human is superior to any other. All are fundamentally equal. No one can decree his will to another human being as if he was God.
From this obviously follows that all forms of discrimination against women or minorities can be considered as a denial of the principle of tawhid. Quite the opposite, a true understanding of tawhid seeks the liberation of all human beings from every form of tyranny, dictatorship or despotic structure. A true understanding of tawhid and Islam should bring about a society based on moral, civil and humanitarian values that frees it from any injustice or suppression.
Click here to read the complete interview